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Hawai’i is the world's most remote island chain. It is over 2,000 miles from the nearest
landfall. Hawaii consists of eight major islands plus there are 124 minor islands, reefs and
shoals.These are strung like a necklace over the Pacific for 1,500 miles. The eight major
islands are O’ahu, Maui, Hawai’i (known as Big Island), Kaua’i, Moloka’i, Lana’i, Kaho’olawe
and Ni’ihau. These eight islands make up over 99% of the total land area.
The Hawaiian Islands are volcanic land masses which began to form more than 70 million years ago. Each Hawaiian island was created by one or more volcanoes that erupted on the sea floor and then later emerged above the ocean's surface after countless eruptions.
How was kauai formed - Geography of Kauai
The oldest of the major Hawaiian Islands is Kaua’i, The Garden Isle. Kauai was formed over 5 million years ago from a single shield volcano that became deeply eroded with time (and volcanic action). Kaua’i is known as “The Garden Isle” because many areas are so green and lush.
Kaua’i is the least populated of all the major islands (only about 57,000 people
live there) and nearly two thirds of all the people hanging out on Kaua’i, at any
given time, are visitors/tourists.Each of the Hawaiian islands has an identity and
appeal all its own. Kauai is my favorite.